Sunday, June 23, 2013

Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI)

It is unlikely that a sexually active teenager will settle with a single partner for life. Patients histories reveal that when teenage relationship fails, another relationship follows, leading to multiple sexual partners. Some girls even claim that they engage in casual sex with acquaintances. The phrase, "The more the merrier" is absolutely not true in this case. Women who have multiple sexual partners are at higher risk of STI through exposure.

STI affect the lower genital tract. Because there is a direct connection from the vagina to the pelvic organs, infections can easily spread to the uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries, and adjacent peritoneum. In 20 %  of PID cases, damage to these organs result in infertility. Of the various STI, infections called Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) are the more serious ones.

Infections with HIV produce conditions that progress from an asymptomatic state to full-blown acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). Genital HPV has over 30-40 different strains and some do not pose any health risks. However, there are 6 most common types that are of concern due to related disease. HPV types 6 and 11 cause 90 percent of genital warts. HPV types 16, 18, 31 and 45 may lead to cervical cancer.

No comments:

Post a Comment

Related Posts Plugin for WordPress, Blogger...